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Destructor (Cross Ref > Data Structures)

By Mike Prestwood

Delphi versus Access VBA: A side by side comparison between Delphi and Access VBA.

 
OOP Details
 

More object oriented (OO) stuff.

Destructor

[Other Languages] 

General Info: Class Destructor

A special class method called when an object instance of a class is destroyed. With some languages they are called when the object instance goes out of scope, with some languages you specifically have to call the destructor in code to destroy the object, and others use a garbage collector to dispose of object instances at specific times.

Desctructors are commonly used to free the object instance but with languages that have a garbage collector object instances are disposed of when appropriate. Either way, destructors or their equivalent are commonly used to free up resources allocated in the class constructor.

Languages Focus

Are object instances freed with a garbage collector? Or, do you have to destroy object instances.

Delphi:   Free or FreeAndNil

Object Pascal uses a standard virtual destructor named Destroy which is called by the standard Free method. All objects are dynamic, so you need to call MyObject.Free method or the FreeAndNil(MyObject) routine for each object you create.

Syntax Example:  
var
MyObject: TObject;
begin
MyObject := TObject.Create;
 
  //Use it...
  
  MyObject.Free
  //Or use...FreeAndNil(MyObject);
end;
Access VBA: 

When an object instance is destroyed, Access VBA calls a special parameter-less sub named Class_Terminate. For example, when the variable falls out of scope. Since you cannot specify parameters for this sub, you also cannot overload it.

To explicitly destroy an object, use Set YourClass = nothing.

When an object instance is created from a class, Access VBA calls a special sub called Class_Initialize.

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