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Design Flashcards Library

These FlashCards are contributed by you (our online community members). They are organized by our knowledge base topics. Specifically, by the Design sub-topics.

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17 Website Design & Hosting FlashCards

Group: Website Design & Hosting

Topic: Artistic (design, layout, etc.)

Tip: Avoid
Avoid the usage of "Click Here" as a text link. You should make better use of the text.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100805, KB Topic: Artistic (design, layout, etc.)
Q&A: Building a drop down DHTML menu system
Question: Any suggestions on buidling a DHTML/Javascript menu for my web site?


Don't reinvent the wheel. Use one of the many menu builders on the market. 

I use a product called DHTML Menu Builder. He's worked out all the problems and it really didn't seem worth my time since someone else had already worked out all the issues between different browsers and browsers on different OSes. His menus still aren't perfect, but boy, they sure are close.

The software is located at http://software.xfx.net/

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100066, KB Topic: Artistic (design, layout, etc.)
Tip: Don't Use Size=1 or Font-Size=xx-small
Do not use the smallest standard font size of "1" and "xx-small" for any text you actually want a visitor to read. The smallest font size should be reserved for text you don't care if the visitor reads like the copyright notice at the bottom of the page.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #101267, KB Topic: Artistic (design, layout, etc.)
Q&A: Testing Websites with Various Browsers
Question: What browsers and resolutions should I test my website with?


As of early 2008, we test each website we build with the latest release of Internet Explorer, FireFox, and Safari. Sometimes we also include Opera but not usually. Also, if desired, we sometimes test with older versions of browsers but not usually. The minimum resolution we test "regular" websites is 1024x768 (and higher). We no longer support 800x600.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100841, KB Topic: Artistic (design, layout, etc.)

Topic: Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

Question: What is a Cascading Style Sheet?


A cascading style sheet is a text file with a .CSS extension on your web site that indicates how the web page styles should look. Cascading style sheets make color and style changes easy.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100989, KB Topic: Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
CSS Import URL
The following code snippet allows you to import a cascading style sheet (CSS) into another CSS file. The main benefit is this allows you to organize your styles and to create common CSS files.

@import url('/style_core.css');

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100662, KB Topic: Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)

Topic: Graphics

Q&A: GIF versus PNG

Should I use GIF or PNG images on my website?


Although the PNG format is slightly superior to the GIF format, GIF is more compatible with older browsers so we are currently recommending you use GIF images. That's the quick answer. However, there are issues so if you wish to use PNG images, read up about it to understand it's pros and cons.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100806, KB Topic: Graphics
Q&A: Increase Colors Before You Shrink

Why do images sometimes resize smaller well, and sometimes not? Sometimes when I resize an image to a small 100 pixel width or less image it looks great and sometimes it's very choppy.


1. You probably need to increase the number of colors prior to resizing. Some programs will do this for you automatically and some don't. For example, when working with a transparent GIF or PNG, the color palette is set to 256. If you shrink a transparent GIF or PNG, it will likely look choppy. However, if you increase the number of colors to 16-bit or higher, than resize, it looks great. Of course, you'll have to reapply transparency.

2. Various programs use various algorithms to resize images, make sure you try them all.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #101983, KB Topic: Graphics
Tip: Resize Transparent Image, Increase Colors First

Before you resize a transparent GIF or PNG larger or smaller, make sure you first increase the number of colors to the maximum number of colors allowed. In essence, unleash the full power of your graphics program. After you resize your image, you will have to reapply transparency.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #101984, KB Topic: Graphics

Topic: HTML Language Reference

Tip: Don't Make TD Tags Links
Although Internet Explorer supports putting an "a" link tag around a table TD cell, do not do it because other browsers don't support it.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100748, KB Topic: HTML Language Reference
Q&A: HTML Copyright Entity Reference

How do you embed a copyright character/symbol into an HTML page?


The best technique is to use the ©entity reference.

For example:

2011 SomeCompany
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #102261, KB Topic: HTML Language Reference

Topic: Logos

Tip: Logos Should Use 1 Symbol Max

Each logo you create should have at most one symbol. You can mess with the text is "textual" ways such as font, color, and minor tweaks, but if you include a "symbol", you should include only one symbol.

Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #101987, KB Topic: Logos

Topic: Server Farm: RS

Q&A: RS Server Password Standard
Question: What is the password standard for the RS pop3 accounts?


The password standard on our RS servers changed in 2007 to 6 characters with at least 1 number.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100910, KB Topic: Server Farm: RS

Topic: Website Design


Get rid of the boring default icon on your website.  Add a custom icon!  Most browsers support .ico and the most popular ones will show any standard web image. 

Follow this easy step by step to add one to your web page or site.

Example: This is Prestwood.com's icon. 

Images must be 16x16 pixels.  I use GIMP to create mine.

Normally, save as a .ico file in the root of your site or in any unsecured folder.  I usually put them in "/images", and I usually name it favicon.ico or favicon.gif.

Add this to the header section of your AJAX Master page or any aspx/htm/html/shtml page.

<link REL="SHORTCUT ICON" HREF="/images/favicon.gif">

Some browsers even support ANIMATED gifs.

Posted By Bryan Valencia, Post #101871, KB Topic: Website Design

Topic: Website Hosting

Q&A: Where is v3.5 of the .NET Framework in IIS configuration?

I've created a web application using v3.5 of the .NET Framework.  But, when I go to deploy it, I find only versions 1.x and 2.x in the ASP .NET dropdown for IIS configuration of my application's virtual directory.  Where is v3.5?  How do I deploy if that's not a configuration choice?


It's not there. You see, v3.5 isn't really a "version" in Microsoft's eyes. 3.5 builds upon v2, and is really considered an incarnation of v2.  Sounds crazy, doesn't it? Not to worry, though, you can still deploy your v3.5 app.  There are just two things that must be done:

  1. The .NET Framework, v3.5 must be installed on the server.
  2. When configuring your application's virtual folder in IIS, choose the v2.x from the ASP .NET version dropdown. 

You'll find this in IIS on the ASP .NET tab of the Properties dialog for your app's virtual directory.

Posted By Wes Peterson, Post #102015, KB Topic: Website Hosting

Topic: Website Scripting



Definition: Short for Content Management Sytem (CMS) and is used to manage content on a website such as web page content, knowledge base, online store, message boards, etc. A popular .Net CMS' right now is DotNetNuke. Prestwood's own ASPSuite is a customized CMS we use for our website and our clients.
Posted By Mike Prestwood, Post #100880, KB Topic: Website Scripting
Tip: Don't Overlook Robots.txt

When designing websites, all developers are required to manage not only the content of the site, but the indexing of the site as well.  Robots.txt is a powerful tool you can use to make sure your projects are listed in search engines as effectively as possible.

Posted By Bryan Valencia, Post #101795, KB Topic: Website Scripting

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